What is 5G?

5G refers to the fifth generation of mobile networks. After 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks, it is a new worldwide wireless standard. It provides a new type of network capable of connecting practically everyone and everything, including machines, objects, and gadgets.

This wireless technology is intended to provide more users with better multi-Gbps peak data rates, super-low latency, increased dependability, enormous network capacity, enhanced availability, and a more consistent user experience. Higher performance and efficiency enable new user experiences while also connecting new industries. 

How fast is it?

The maximum speed is 10 gigabits per second (Gbps). Moreover, 5G speeds are 10 to 100 times faster than 4G. The shorter the frequency, the greater the bandwidth, according to communication principles. 5G networks can be speedier since they employ shorter frequencies (millimeter waves between 30GHz and 300GHz). This high-band 5G spectrum delivers the anticipated improvement in speed, capacity, low latency, and quality.

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5G Ultra Wideband offers a significant advancement in network technology. It will enable data transmission rates faster than the blink of an eye, tremendous bandwidth, and more connectivity options.

Furthermore, the Ultra Wideband’s faster data transmission speeds will ultimately allow even more equipment to connect, allowing the Internet of Things on a truly enormous scale. There are already 14.2 billion linked “things” in operation, with that figure anticipated to rise to more than 55 billion by 2025. The goal of this Ultra Wideband is to assist satisfy the skyrocketing demand for network bandwidth.

Is 5G considered a property?

No single business or individual controls the technology, but multiple companies in the mobile ecosystem are working to bring it to life. Qualcomm has played a significant role in developing the several underlying technologies that propel the industry ahead and comprise this technology, the next wireless standard.

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We are at the core of the 3GPP, the industry body that sets worldwide specifications for 3G UMTS (including HSPA), 4G LTE, and 5G technologies. From the air interface to the service layer, 3GPP is pushing numerous critical breakthroughs across all elements of 5G architecture.

How was it created?

5G is based on OFDM (Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing), which is a way of modulating a digital signal across several channels to decrease interference. The company employs the 5G NR air interface in conjunction with OFDM principles. This technology also makes use of higher bandwidth technologies like sub-6 GHz and mmWave.

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5G OFDM, like 4G LTE, is built on the same mobile networking concepts. However, the upcoming 5G NR air interface may further improve OFDM to provide considerably greater flexibility and scalability. This may provide more people and objects 5G access for a number of different use cases.

This technology is intended to not only provide faster and more reliable mobile broadband services than 4G LTE but also to extend into new service sectors such as mission-critical communications and linking the enormous IoT. Many new 5G NR air interface design methods, such as a new self-contained TDD subframe design, enable this.

What are the differences between 5G and other versions?

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1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G all lead to 5G, which is intended to give more connection than ever before. The latest version is a more capable, unified air interface. It has been built with the capability of enabling next-generation user experiences, empowering new deployment methods, and delivering new services.

With its fast speeds, improved dependability, and low latency, it will take the mobile ecosystem to new heights. This technology will have an influence on every business, making safer transportation, remote healthcare, precise agriculture, and digital logistics a reality, among other things.

 

Low latency, for example, enables real-time engagement for cloud-based services, which is critical to the success of self-driving automobiles. 

This technology must be capable of supporting 1 million devices across an area of 0.386 square miles (1 km2). Low power usage will also allow linked items to run for months or years without the need for human intervention.

Unlike existing IoT services, which make performance sacrifices to get the most out of current wireless technologies (3G, 4G, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee, and so on), 5G networks will be built to provide the level of performance required for large IoT.

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Why is 5G better than 4G?

  • 5G is a more capable unified platform than 4G.

While 4G LTE focuses on providing significantly faster mobile broadband services than 3G, the newer version is intended to be a unified, more powerful platform that not only improves mobile broadband experiences but also enables new services such as mission-critical communications and huge IoT.

This technology can also handle all spectrum types (licensed, shared, unlicensed) and bands (low, mid, and high), a broad range of deployment patterns (from typical macro-cells to hotspots), and novel interconnection methods (such as device-to-device and multi-hop mesh).

  • 5G makes better and quicker utilization of spectrum than 4G.

5G is also intended to make the most of every available spectrum regulatory paradigm and band, ranging from low bands below 1 GHz to mid bands between 1 GHz and 6 GHz, and high bands known as millimeter wave (mmWave).

This technology can be much faster than 4G, with peak data speeds of up to 20 Gigabits per second (Gbps) and average transmission rates of 100+ Megabits per second (Mbps).

How and when will 5G affect the global economy?

We discovered that the entire economic impact of this technology will likely be achieved across the globe by 2035, supporting a wide range of sectors and potentially enabling up to $13.1 trillion in products and services.

This has a considerably bigger influence than earlier network generations. The new network’s development requirements are also spreading beyond conventional mobile networking companies to industries such as the automobile industry.

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According to recent research, the value chain (which includes OEMs, operators, content providers, app developers, and consumers) may support up to 22.8 million employees, or more than one job for every resident in Beijing, China. And there are many new and emergent applications that will be specified in the future. Only time will tell how big the effect will be on the economy.

For customers, this technology promises not only speedier mobile internet but also internet connectivity in many more things than is now available. The vehicle and the home are two instances of the impending IoT revolution, which will be aided by 5G networks. In 2019, Samsung and other Android OEMs released the first 5G smartphones.

Discover more in our new articles about 5G technology: Why 5G technology such a rising trend of 2021?

 

References:

https://www.thalesgroup.com/en/markets/digital-identity-and-security/mobile/inspired/5G

https://www.verizon.com/about/our-company/5g/what-5g#pHowfastis5GUltraWideband

https://www.qualcomm.com/5g/what-is-5g

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