In the era of technology, there is an impressive rise in offshore software usage. As a result, the Offshore Development Center is finding its way to every business, be it a technological or non-tech company. This type of service has even outweighed Outsourcing recently. 

If you are interested in an ODC team or looking for a superior solution for software development, this is a relevant option. Why? The reasons will be revealed in this writing. 

What Is Offshore Development Center (ODC)?


An Offshore Development Center (ODC) is defined as an offshore team of dedicated talents. It provides the services of developing software to any company overseas. In other words, ODC is a branch of a company functioning in another nation. The offshore software development center is always placed in an area with lower living standards compared to where its mother company lies. (Wikipedia)


There are some main members in a typical ODC team:

  • Project Manager. This person is in charge of the entire project, from making plans to executing. Besides, he/she ensures that all the necessary resources are covered.
  • Account Manager. He/She takes care of the relationships with specific clients. Thus, this manager will guarantee their needs are satisfied.
  • Usability Engineers. They do tests to estimate the user-friendliness and usability of the clients’ products. 
  • Test Engineers. They make sure that your product’s quality, non-functional requirements, and integrity are checked.
  • Graphic Designers. These people create graphical visual concepts and language. They progress the uniqueness of a product’s persona or brand.
  • Designers and Developers. These members do the installation, design, testing, and prolongation.
  • Content and Technical Writers. They create content and instructions that are implemented into the website or software.

Differences Between Offshoring And Outsourcing

Outsourcing is defined as the way a domestic or foreign company assigns a third party to outsource its business.

To be honest, ODC is often the opposite of Outsourcing. The differences are indicated based on the following criteria:


ODC is the transaction between the offshore group and clients separated by geographical borders.

Meanwhile, Outsourcing is the service offered by any company with no limitation on location. Thus, Outsourcing has a larger domain than the ODC.


As long as the client’s project is not going to scale, Outsourcing is economical. However, having a particular ODC would bring a great benefit.

Most of the offshore development center models always ask for a deposit. Still, they promise to get a high return on your investments in the distant future. Additionally, the price of work is transparent.

Team Management

As mentioned before, the ODC team has fixed particular members. This principle ensures their client’s project is run smoothly. All the members are focused on your work.

On the contrary, Outsourcing teams are managed by the managers of the service provider. The supervisors can exchange members among different teams. As a result, the client has no direct influence on the group.

Mindset And Talents

The companies of ODC provide the software engineers with a more supportive environment to take part in creating the IT product.

Also, the software developers are interested in working on one project rather than distributing their talent on different products. Working for ODC also helps them regularly exchange experience with foreign specialists. 

Hiring offshore developers pros and cons

Here are the offshore development center benefits and drawbacks to consider.

Pros of offshoring

Economical. The service provider has the necessary infrastructure available. There is no requirement for investment in setting up the office. Similarly, its facilities, communications, utilities, and IT infrastructure are at hand. The only thing to do is hire team members to run the project.

Productive. The ODC model encourages autoscaling in its IT department. The number of resources needed for a project can be adjusted effectively. Additionally, their operation is reliable enough to be transparent with the customers. 

Timely insurance. You, as the client, directly influence the operation of the team, and the members follow suit with the timeline you offered. Moreover, there are managers to supervise the working speed and ensure the timeframe. Great talent pool. There are countless IT engineers around the world applying for the job in the ODC team. Therefore, the source of talent is sufficient and high-qualified. The offshore company also invests in training and enhancing the skills of its members.

Cons of offshoring

Communication Barrier. As mentioned before, ODC is a service provider having transactions with a foreign company. Thus, the difference in languages may lead to misunderstandings during the collaboration. 

The parties tend to use email, text messages, or online conferences for discussion due to the distance. It is less effective than interacting directly.

Cultural differences. Members of an ODC team coming from different countries may have conflicts. 

A normal attitude of a person can be rude behavior toward another one in the group. Additionally, multi-culture people have distinct mindsets and attitudes. They also have different demands for day-off for national holidays.

Time zone. When you collaborate with an abroad client, you have a different time zone from your host company. It means one of you two has to adjust the working shift, or your discussion will be distracted.

Security risks. The offshore engineers ask for your private information (data, workflows) to build software. Thus, the client should have a safeguard strategy and precautions to protect their IP.

Related article: What Makes a Good Offshore Development Center?

Advantages of Offshore Development Center?

  • The whole ODC team will focus on a particular project from the beginning till the end. Thus, you can concentrate completely on your core business tasks. The stability throughout the timeframe is ensured as well.
  • An ODC functions as a subsidiary to the host company in another country. Thus, the large projects will progress significantly, especially if there are over 30 members in a group.
  • You have exclusive control over the operation of the project by interfacing with the members in charge of the business. 
  • There is no distraction from your work’s efficiency and security when you take it off-site.
  • The ODC service offers connections with talented software engineers around the world. There is no need to worry about the quality of work.

Read more about Offshore development center benefits

What Are The Risks And Challenges?

Here are the typical offshore development center risks and hardships that you may face up with.

Legal Issue

When building an agency in a foreign region, the host company must pay attention to the related legal regulations in that nation. Particularly, the business policies should be considered carefully and then estimate the benefit. 

The law will regulate your business throughout. Thus, if you are not familiar with the local law system, you should hire a legal adviser.

Cultural Challenges

As mentioned before, there are differences in people’s cultures in the ODC team. It results in unexpected conflicts. The managers should introduce the members so that they get acquainted. 

For instance, managers can assign people resembling cultural habits in the same group. Team-building events also lend a hand to boosting working relationships.

Management Challenges

The process to fulfill all typical positions in a team is challenging. There are criteria to consider, including reasonable finance quality insurance. Managing offshore development teams with multi-culture members also requires the managers to be skillful and experienced.

Communication Challenges 

Direct interaction is the most effective means of communication. However, the client often finds it hard to discuss face-to-face with the software developers because they are not native people. 

This phenomenon results in limited influence during the project lifecycle of the customers. Besides, there would be misunderstandings causing mistakes during the process. 

Security Risks

Providing offshore engineers with private information is unavoidable. There is also a certain distance between you and the service provider. Thus, it poses a risk to data insurance, especially sensitive information.

Unfortunately, you can not prevent data leakage completely by keeping all the resources in only one location. The advice is to create network security into the infrastructure of the ODC you are collaborating with. 

Why Is Vietnam Ideal to Set Up an ODC?

Culture & Work Ethic

Vietnamese members of the offshore team are friendly and humorous. At the same time, their determination to finish the work and motivation to develop is amazing.

They have a strong sense of balance in working, especially in caring for the members’ health. Thus, there is hardly burnout, and the team’s productivity is maintained. If there is an issue happening, they still manage to finish the task.

Generally, Vietnamese culture and work ethic meet the demand for productivity enhancement. Even if these developers face difficulties applying new technology, they can handle it well. The solution is to account for the possible problems and learning curve.

IT Labor Cost

The Vietnamese labor market has more competitive prices than those of the US, Japan, or Singapore. Not to mention, Vietnamese IT professionals have great potential.

The developers in this country have the salary lower by 40 to 50% than in other developed IT nations. Still, the cost is 1.5 times higher than the domestic collaboration.

The Ecosystem

According to the Program for International Student Assessment, Vietnam has got a healthier living environment and higher education standards. The national human capital index of this country is second only to Singapore in ASEAN.

Around 55 Vietnamese universities are providing the technical training curriculum. A stable number of graduates even participate in training schemes to gain more experience in real-life projects.


The Vietnamese government has greatly supported technological development in this country. There are policies to promote the national economy for investment from abroad.

The labor source in Vietnam is adequate and young with more than half of the population being under the age of 30. Particularly, over 25000 technical engineers graduate from universities each year and are always ready to work.

How To Set Up An Offshore Development Center?

In this part, the offshore development center checklist will be provided.

Build The Plan And Chose A Proper Model

Here are some typical types of offshore development centers (offshore development center model):

  • Software ODC trust
  • Software ODC classic
  • The ODC full form
  • Software ODC branded 


We all know that your ODC will be placed abroad. However, it is necessary to gain insight into the offshore markets in different regions. 

How to set up an offshore development center? It would help to target the countries with high demand for this service.

For instance, Northern European nations tend to choose outsourcing projects. Meanwhile, the SouthEast Asian region has become more active in ODC projects

Thus, you can choose to invest in an ODC team in a country on this continent, such as Vietnam. Then you should find the most developing city with large technical talent pools.

Read more: Why Vietnam is an ideal choice for software outsourcing?


Besides considering the location, you should pay attention to the financial investment. In other words, try to make a comparison among the countries’ price gaps.

You can go for the nation spending the highest on the IT industry like India, China, and Vietnam. At the same time, there are countries having great rises in the number of ODC projects and companies that are also worth your consideration. 


You should clarify your goals and set the timeline for your project. Introduce the KPI to your ODC members and discuss the strategies to reach the target. There are requirements for finance, expectations, and timely KPI with quality assurance.

It is recommended to train the newbies about your service and work. Make sure that they can relate your ideas as well.

Technical Support

Ensure that the employed ODC services offer comprehensive technical support. It should remain unchanged from the beginning till the end of the project.

Testing & Quality Assurance 

The step of Quality Assurance approves more effective control of the application. Thus, you will evaluate the work’s compliance based on the initial standards quickly and conveniently. 

Security – Find Out A Reliable Partner

Remember to carefully choose a reliable offshore development center to protect your data. Before signing the contract, consider their recovery solutions if your data is leaked. 

The tip for choosing the right collaborator is to have a look at the company’s history of work. Choosing a team that has effective communication is also a way to go. Then you can reduce the chances of misunderstanding.

Last Words

That is all the fundamental information about the Offshore Development Center. This model not only satisfies the demands of clients but also guarantees the offshore team’s function and productivity.

If you plan to build an ODC team, besides choosing regions with developed technology, it is recommended to target the emerging market with potential IT labor like Asia, notably Vietnam.

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